[1]路 浩,邢立偉,邢敬偉.超聲波法焊接殘余應力測量技術[J].焊管,2019,42(8):50-55.[doi:10.19291/j.cnki.1001-3938.2019.8.010]
 LU Hao,XING Liwei,XING Jingwei.Ultrasonic Method Measurement of Welding Residual Stress[J].,2019,42(8):50-55.[doi:10.19291/j.cnki.1001-3938.2019.8.010]
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超聲波法焊接殘余應力測量技術()
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《焊管》[ISSN:1001-3938/CN:61-1160/TE]

卷:
42
期數:
2019年第8期
頁碼:
50-55
欄目:
經驗交流
出版日期:
2019-08-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ultrasonic Method Measurement of Welding Residual Stress
文章編號:
10.19291/j.cnki.1001-3938.2019.8.010
作者:
路 浩1邢立偉1邢敬偉2
1. 西安石油大學 材料科學與工程學院, 西安 710065;
2. 中國人民解放軍第五七二〇工廠, 安徽 蕪湖 241007
Author(s):
LU Hao1 XING Liwei1 XING Jingwei2
1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Xi’an Shiyou University, Xi’an 710065, China;
2. The people’s Liberation Army of China No.5720 Factory, Wuhu 241007, Anhui, China
關鍵詞:
焊接殘余應力超聲波法石油管道
Keywords:
welding residual stress ultrasonic method petroleum pipeline
分類號:
TG404
DOI:
10.19291/j.cnki.1001-3938.2019.8.010
文獻標志碼:
B
摘要:
總結了超聲波法測量焊接殘余應力的技術原理及發展歷史,指出了聲彈性的非線性原理的進一步發展是完成工程結構殘余應力精確測量的基礎。介紹了西安石油大學超聲法應力測量設備的技術特點,以及超聲波法在石油管道、高速列車、應力監控等領域的測量工程實例。對焊接殘余應力場的聲彈性不穩定現象進行了分析,對超聲波法測量焊接殘余應力的應用進行了總結,提出了適應石油行業殘余應力測量的發展方向。
Abstract:
The technical principle and development history of ultrasonic method for measuring welding residual stress are summarized, and it is pointed out that the further development of the nonlinear principle of acoustic elasticity is the basis of accurate measurement of the engineering structure residual stress. The technical characteristics of stress measurement equipment by ultrasonic method in Xi’an Shiyou university and the engineering examples of ultrasonic measurement in the fields of petroleum pipeline, high-speed train, stress monitoring are introduced. The acoustic elasticity instability of welding residual stress field is analyzed, the application of ultrasonic method to measure welding residual stress is summarized, and the further development to adapt to the stress measurement in petroleum industry is put forward.

參考文獻/References:

[1] 路浩. 焊接殘余應力超聲波法無損測量研究[D]. 哈爾濱: 哈爾濱工業大學, 2009.
[2] HUGHES D S. Ultrasonic velocity in an elastic solid[J]. Journal of Applied Physics, 1950, 21(3): 294-301.
[3] TOUPIN R A. Sound waves in deformed perfectly elastic materials acoustoelastic effect[J]. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1961, 33(2): 216-225.
[4] THURSTON R N, BRUGGER K. Third-order elastic constants and the velocity of small amplitude elastic waves in homogeneously stressed media[J]. Physical Review, 1964, 133(6A): 1604-1610.
[5] THURSTON R N. Wave propagation influids and normal solids[J]. Physical Acoustics, 1964(1): 1-110.
[6] TATSUO T, YUKIO I. Acoustical birefringence of ultra-sonic waves in deformed isotropic elastic materials[J]. International Journal of  Solids and Structures, 1968(4): 383-389.
[7] LU H, LIU X S, YANG J G, et al. Ultrasonic stress evaluation on welded plates with Lcr wave[J]. Science & Technology of  Welding and Joining, 2008, 13(1): 70-75.
[8] 路浩, 劉雪松, 楊建國,等. 激光全息小孔法驗證超聲波法殘余應力無損測量[J]. 焊接學報, 2008, 29(8): 77-79, 117.
[9] 路浩, 馬子奇, 劉雪松, 等. 300 km/h高速列車車體殘余應力超聲波法無損測量[J]. 焊接學報, 2010, 31(8): 29-32, 114.
[10] 路浩, 李軍. 箱型攪拌摩擦焊結構殘余應力超聲波法測量[J]. 焊接, 2014(3): 27-30, 70.
[11] 路浩. 焊接殘余應力場聲彈性不穩定性分析[J]. 焊接學報, 2015, 36(2): 105-108,118.
[12] 路浩. 基于全包絡權重算法的超聲波法殘余應力無損測量系統[J]. 焊接學報, 2015, 36(3): 101-104, 6.
[13] 馬子奇, 劉雪松, 張世平, 等.超聲波法曲面工件殘余應力測量[J]. 焊接學報, 2011,32(11): 25-28, 114.
[14] 馬子奇, 劉雪松, 張世平, 等. 高速列車底架焊接變形的超聲波法應力分析[J]. 焊接學報, 2013(5): 45-48, 115.
[15] 馬子奇. 基于臨界折射縱波聲彈效應的平面應力測量理論和方法[D]. 哈爾濱: 哈爾濱工業大學, 2014.
[16] 馬子奇. 超聲波法焊接殘余應力測量研究[D]. 哈爾濱: 哈爾濱工業大學, 2009.

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備注/Memo

備注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-12-27
基金項目: 中國石油天然氣集團公司西部管道公司橫向資助項目“高鋼級管道超聲法殘余應力測試”(項目編號290018199)。
作者簡介:路 浩(1981—),男,教授,主要從事焊接應力及缺陷檢測技術、鋁合金焊接工藝研發工作,發表論文50余篇,授權國家發明專利15項,獲省部級科技進步獎2項,國防科技鑒定成果1項,兼任中國機械工程學會應力測試專業委員會委員、中國焊接協會理事等。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-09-29
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